Monthly Archives: September 2016

Shading Techniques in Art

graphite-shading-3Shading is the technique of showing tones or values on an object through gradual gradations for it to look ‘solid’ and have a three dimensional effect. Shading techniques allow you to weave layer upon layer of pencil marks to add a convincing form to your line drawing. Shading adds a sense of substance to your subject and produces a convincing tonal relationship. Drawings take on a three dimensional form when shaded properly.

To render shades correctly on drawn objects, the artist must carefully observe the source of light that is striking various values of tones or shades on the drawn objects. After realizing the source of light, the artist must study closely the reflections of the light on areas of the objects to know the lightest and darkest sections. After establishing the endpoints or extremes thus the lightest valued areas as well as the darkest valued areas, the remaining area with a mid-half tone between the two extremes is the middle value.

The tones are adjusted as many times to make it look realistic. It is advised that artists step back periodically to look at the drawing and the subject in a distance to view and adjust the tones accordingly. This would make the values depicted on the drawn objects more realistic. In the rendition of cast shadow, the artist must take note of the light source and the striking or reflection of the light on the objects. If the light is far above, the shorter the shadow is (try checking out your shadow at noon – 12:00PM) whereas the lower the light, the longer the cast shadow will become. The rule is that the darker the shadow, the brighter the light source. As the shadow is drawn further from the object, the lighter it becomes. The shadow takes on the shape of the item it comes from. Notice that to make the shadow, all you have to do is create a triangular shape from the top of the object to the ground and back to the base of the object. According to the light source, make your shadow fit accordingly.

There are various ways of rendering shades on a drawn object. Some of these are:

1. Hatching: This is a shading technique that employs one set of line either vertical, curved or horizontal lines in rendering shades on a drawn object. These lines are drawn beside one another to give the illusion of a value. Depending on the hatching shading effect one want to achieve, the artist may decide to make the individual lines in hatching sets far apart or close together.

2. Cross-hatching: This is a shading technique made by the use of lines that crosses each other at an angle in rendering shades on an object. In cross-hatching, one set of line crosses over (overlaps) another set of line to create a shade on a drawn object.

3. Stippling/Dottilism/Pointillism: This is a shading technique that employs dots or series of points in rendering the shades on an object.

4. Circularism/Squirkling/Scribbling: This is the use of circles, squirkles and scribbles in rendering a shade on an object. When squirkle sets have noticeable spaces between the lines, they work beautifully for shading various textures, such as fuzzy fabrics and curly hair. Squirkles can look like a solid tone when the lines are drawn closely together, and are great for shading lots of different aspects of people, including skin tones.

5. Tonal gradation/smudging: This is the rendering of soft tones on a drawn object and blending the tones together with the thumb, a piece of paper or a soft cloth.

Rendering shades on objects using any marking or drawing tool is an interesting practical exercise in art. However, to achieve successes, artists must learn the rudiments in shading so as to render shade on drawn objects based on the accepted rubrics of art.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9508066

4 Things to Consider to Be a Fashion Model

6c23a765105731c8c744ff2e3d037025The Haute Couture of modeling is a specific kind modeling that requires a great deal of commitment and passion.

Looks matter

Unlike commercial or advertisement modeling which accepts almost all kinds of models based on their relevance to the marketplace, fashion modeling is almost like an art form that has its own unique standard to meet. Usually a height of above 170cm, waist measurement of 35″-36″ and angular jaw, cheek and collar bones are expected. It is very rare for shorter models to be in fashion modeling, in which case only a very exceptional skin or look will be able to pass through. The sad truth is that either you’re born with it or you are not. There are many options in the modeling world, and not everyone is suited for everything.

Know the Best Modeling Market for You

Your look and style should also consider the market you want to be in. To fit in the demand in the types of high fashion you will be involved will mostly cater to an Asian or West market. The styles are not fixed to solely Asian, but incorporate many types of high fashion including Western trends. For markets like South Asia, modeling is mostly indigenous in nature and will have to adopt the market’s style, in which case it should suit your looks. Because of a rapidly globalizing world, one has to conduct thorough research to be able to identify which market is best for their particular look and style.

Find a good agency

Finding a good agency can never be understated in its importance. Not all agencies cater to fashion modeling and some only provide specific styles. You should seek out for agencies that will be able to provide for a variety of styles. A good agency will also take the time and effort to create a good portfolio for you and market your brand and look well. You should do some research on the top model agencies and the previous models they have helped to develop before you make a finalized decision.

Establish networks and exposure

As you get exposed to various clients throughout your career, aim to establish good contacts through networking and who knows what kind of opportunities may pass by your way. Also make sure to keep constant contact with your bookers or model agents for opportunities in the market. Gain as diverse a range of exposure as possible. Fashion model’ contracts are hard to get, so if you want it you have to be patient and be willing to cooperate with the Booker.

Fashion modeling is a competitive industry that doesn’t suit everyone. It requires much commitment in terms of time and energy and only accepts certain ideal bodies.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9510157

Tips To Improve Your Book Reading Hobby

If you love burying yourself in books for hours, then you know how boredom, distraction and restlessness can ruin an otherwise good read. To be the best in reading, you must be ready and come up with ways of ensuring that you remain hooked to the reading to get the most from your hobby. With so many books available and tools such as e-readers that allow you to read your favorite book from your mobile device, you only need to make a few improvements to ensure that you get the most out of every book reading session.

Choose interesting topics – There is always a genre that works for an individual and you should find out what yours is. When you know what topics interest you the most, you will have an easier time choosing a book you are bound to remain interested in to the end.

Read because you want to read – The last thing you want to do is read just because everyone else around you is reading. A good reader is a person who reads for their own pleasures and therefore even the choice of a book should be guided by your personal preference. Never read to impress anyone because then you will only be wasting your time.

Find the perfect place to read – Whereas there are people who can catch up on some reading even when travelling in a noisy bus, if you are the type that is easily distracted, then you want to find yourself a good place to do your reading from. Typically, the place should be quiet and comfortable so you are able to relax and concentrate on the book that you are reading. You should also find yourself a reading position that is most comfortable; lying on a couch, prop your feet, whatever works for you.

Make sure you have no other pending chores – Before you even sit down to start reading, make sure that all other priorities are taken care of. If you have something cooking, then wait till you are done preparing it before you sit to read. When you have nothing else to take care of, you will be able to give some good time to the reading and remain undistracted until it is actually time for a break. Sit down to read only when you know that you can for sure spare a good amount of time for it.

Read in bursts instead of marathon – Targeting to read a book from cover to cover in two days can be hectic. Instead of choosing the marathon style which does not always yield to anything much, it is better that you choose the sprint kind of reading. Snack, stretch, nap, listen to music and even take time to think about what you are reading in between. This is a good way of ensuring that you remain mentally alert to continue; you should never tire your mind to a point where you are just passing over the lines and grasping nothing from the book.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9520670

Rooftop Venues Provide Prime Viewing Areas for Events

People are resourceful. When they want a better view, they simply climb higher. Take the buildings near Wrigley Field in Chicago, for example. Back in 1914, Cubs fans started to enjoy climbing to the roofs of residential buildings around the ballpark to root for their team. Neighbors would meet in informal gatherings to watch baseball and catch up on each other’s lives. They’d bring homemade sandwiches and bottled drinks to share, along with lawn chairs and blankets. Getting invited to one of these rooftop events was something to which the building tenants and guests looked forward.

A Modern Twist to an Old Pastime

Fast-forward to the present. Rooftops have graduated from informal meeting spaces to full-fledged event viewing venues, complete with the amenities today’s entertainment client has come to expect. Comfortable seating, unobstructed gathering and viewing areas, state-of-the-art sound systems, mood-setting lighting, and drink and food menus complete with fan favorites set apart today’s top-of-the-roof experience as truly a step above.

Whether watching sporting events, concerts, fireworks, or other special events, viewers can enjoy a unique vantage point away from the crowds found inside stadiums, parks, and other large-capacity venues. But the game-day perks are all there. Hungry for a jumbo hot dog with all the fixings, or maybe a gourmet black bean burger? You got it. Want a soda, light beer, sangria, or bottled water? You can grab one without missing any of the on-field action.

What’s more, guests can enjoy the fun with a smaller group as they look down on the action, away from rowdy crowds and drunken fans. There are no long lines at the snack stand or restroom areas. On a roof, amenities are easier to get to, leading to a stress-free, quality entertainment experience in a one-of-a-kind setting.

Benefits of Rooftop Viewing

Foremost on the list would be an experience to write home about! Rooftops provide a unique view of a city, which is something that few people get to see.

Another benefit is being able to enjoy games and events in a more intimate setting. People who like live sports and entertainment along with game-day excitement, but who do not want to fight the large crowds, will appreciate these venues.

In addition to being able to enjoy all the conveniences of a concert or a game without having to put up with the hassle, a rooftop viewing area provides groups with a great space for celebrating special occasions. Social events including birthdays, engagement parties, and bar/bat mitzvahs are great fun atop a building.

Businesses looking for something unique and memorable can also rent these venue spaces for their corporate functions. Everything from a small birthday party to an employee appreciation ceremony, can take place on the top of a building that’s been set up to accommodate groups.

Those early Cubs fans had it right: the view is definitely better from atop a building! In a sense they were pioneers, paving the way for today’s fans to enjoy a unique experience in comfort, while still feeling the excitement of live events.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9527178