Monthly Archives: July 2016

How To Decorate Leather Using Tooling, Marbling, Dabbing, Printing, Painting and Patchwork

Increasing the aesthetic qualities of an item to be produced is one of the powerful means through which manufacturers win greater market share for their products. The leather craftsman must know these decorative techniques so that s/he can utilise them in improving the attractiveness of his/her products. This article gives a core description of tooling, dyeing, marbling, dabbing, painting and patchwork.

1. Tooling

This decorative technique involves the creation of fine outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather material is moisture or made damp. The outlined pattern is created with pencil onto the leather item. A round sharp edged tool which can be heated is made to go through the outlines to create the pattern on the leather item. In tooling, the image is always sunken as compared to embossing.

2. Marbling

This decorative technique has several ways of being achieved. One way is by crumpling the leather material before the dyes are poured or sprinkled onto specific areas of the leather material with the help of a teaspoon. Sometimes areas of the leather are tied with threads before the dye is sprinkled or is immersed in the dye solution.

Another marbling technique called controlled marbling is carried out by sprinkling oil paint on starch and stirring it with a stick to create an interesting pattern. The leather material is laid on it and its back is tapped gently for the decorative pattern created to appear on it. The uncontrolled marbling can also be done by substituting starch with turpentine before the oil paint is sprinkled on it.

3. Dabbing

This process involves the dabbing of dyes or inks of different colours onto the leather material with the help of a piece of cloth, foam or brush. This application of the dye is done according to a planned or unplanned layout to achieve a decorative effect.

4. Painting

This is the method of decorating leather on the grain side with paints or other colouring media. The layout of the design is made on paper and it is transferred onto the grain side of the leather with the aid of a tracing paper. The design is then painted with colours. It is then allowed to dry.

5. Patchwork

This is the process of joining and decorating two or more pieces of leather together as one. The leather can be different colours or one colour. The edges of all the leathers to be joined must be well trimmed. Thong or lace is created after the thronging holes have been created at the edges of the cut out patterns to be patched. The thonging or lacing is done to join the patterns together.

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Ensuring Safety for Your Kids While Playing on a Trampoline

Trampolining is one of the most fun activities for kids. Unfortunately, the possibility of trampoline injuries is real, especially with children. Truth be told, there is no such thing as the safest trampoline in the world.
However, with certain safety precautions, children are still able to haven fun and be safe bouncing on a trampoline. Here are some of the most important trampoline safety tips that will ensure the safety of your child while he/she is on a trampoline.

Keep the trampoline away from trees, poles or fences

While installing a trampoline, it is necessary to have at least 3 meters of free space around the trampoline. Within this perimeter, there should be no trees, fences, walls, or poles which a child can crash into while playing rough. Presence of any such structures near the trampoline can increase the severeness of injuries in case a child jumps too high and falls off the trampoline.

Check for loose springs and bolts

The trampoline springs along with the mat work together to create the proper tension, enabling you to bounce as you jump. The springs should be tight enough for your kids to be able to jump and bounce. Before a trampoline session, always check if the springs are properly firmly set in their places. Hanging or loose springs may cause unwanted injuries in case of an accident.

In some cases, the springs wear out, become flaccid or corroded. Replace them with good quality springs and fix them properly.

Use safety pads to cover the steel frame, springs and hooks

It is quite possible that your children land on the exposed steel frame, springs, or hooks. Therefore, you should install enough safety pads on the trampoline. If you are purchasing a new trampoline, go for a model that offers safety pads to cover the exposed metal parts. Also, the color of the pad should be contrasting from that of the frame and mat.

Use good quality high trampoline safety nets

When you purchase a trampoline, go for a model that comes with safety nets. Else you can buy a good quality safety net to enclose the trampoline. The safety net helps prevent your children from bumping on to hard and edgy components such as springs or frame. It will also prevent them from falling off the trampoline and from hitting the ground.

Make sure you kids don’t jump too high

While the excitement in children with the idea of bouncing on a trampoline is understandable, you shouldn’t let them jump too high. If they jump too high in their excitement, they may lose control and land incorrectly. In order to prevent such jumping related accident, children must be trained to control their jumping right from the very beginning. If they get tired, make sure that they rest for a while before going back to bouncing again.

Make sure that they don’t have jewelry on them or any sharp objects in their pockets

Children sometime forget to take off their jewelry before playing on a trampoline. Children, especially boys, carry all kinds of stuff in their pockets. Their should not have any type of sharp objects on them when they are trampolining. They shouldn’t also wear hat or hood as it can block their field of view.

Always make sure that the jumping mat is free of any moisture or snow

If the mat of the trampoline is wet, children are most likely to slip and fall when they use it. To avoid wrong landing and unwanted injuries, always make sure that the mat is totally dry. During winter or rainy season, you can pack away the trampoline and store it somewhere dry. The mat should also not have holes in it. If the mat is worn out, replace it with a good quality mat of the same size.

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How to Prepare for Model Casting

Awesome, you have just got your ticket to enter an exciting industry. However, your performance at Casting is pivotal in determining whether you get selected by the agency and paves the way for the subsequent opportunities you will acquire as a model.

1. Check and follow the requirements

Important details such as the timing of the casting call, what you need to bring, expected dress code and all the important details must be strictly followed to ease your casting process. It is very unlikely that you will attend an audition where there aren’t many others casting for the same opportunity, and the agency rarely has much time to waste. So being late or not bringing what is required will significantly slow down the process and cause you to wait much longer. Besides, that is the last first impression you want to create (Or the last impression you will make). Check the website to see what’s required for casting and call the agency and clarify directly.

2. Your overall look: Simple.

Your look is something you need spend some time thinking about. A model agency wants to see the raw talent and beauty you can offer them for them to work with. If you wrap yourself up in makeup, fancy patterned shirts/dresses, and excessive jewelry it will interfere with their creativity which is trying to suit your natural look to multiple modeling styles. You will result in creating an impression that you are not a versatile model. Go as simple as you possibly with the lightest makeup. For example, a bit of foundation to hide some blemishes and scars.

Check if there is a dress code in the description else just wear a solid colored dress, jeans, tank top or anything that makes you comfortable so long as it’s simple and plain colored. A further tip, don’t apply too much perfume or cologne as it may put off the judge/interviewer if he/she doesn’t like that smell. Apply some basic deodorant to ensure your odor is in control and that would suffice.

3. Healthy lifestyle, radiate natural beauty

The best way to look good naturally is to stick to healthy wholesome foods and completely avoiding fried, oily and fast food. You also want to drink enough water and get the adequate sleep you need as you lead up to your casting call. You should stay off alcohol and late nights at least week before your casting call.

4. Expect to wait

Waiting is going to be hard if you are impatient. Casting calls are usually filled with many aspiring hopefuls so you will most likely have to wait for some time before your turn. Bring a book or newspaper you can read while you wait, and don’t let the waiting affect your emotion and thought. It is completely expected and normal to wait, and no matter what time you are called you should always go to your casting with a cool head.

5. Wear your confidence

Whether you get selected by a model agency or not, remember to be vibrant, lively, smile and be enthusiastic about the whole casting session. Answer the question posed to you confidently and that alone should sail you to land the spot.


Have fun, be confident and give it your best shot. If you fail, it’s not the end. Ask about what you can improve on, work on your look and style and try again at the various agencies available.

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A Beginner’s Guide on How To Draw

Have you ever thought how artists come up with the greatest drawings that leave you wishing you knew how to draw? Well most of them didn’t grow up drawing, they learnt the art of drawing. Whether you dream of becoming the next Pablo Picasso or are simply thinking of giving your own imagination a creative outlet, you can learn how to draw in three simple steps. Here, take a look.

Step 1: Start with a rough sketch

Beginners who wish to be great artists should start by drawing the simplest things from a rough sketch. For instance, if you are drawing a flower, don’t draw one petal at a time. You may end up drawing one section of the object and forgetting about the big picture. If you ignore sketching what you want to draw you may also end up running out of room or end up with an unattractive imbalanced picture.

When it comes to sketching, simply use light repeated strokes and loosen things up. You are bound to make mistakes but don’t mind about them. This is simply putting a general idea on paper and not perfecting it. If you are drawing a real object, compare what you have sketched and what is on the original object. The sizes of the shapes relative to each other should be as accurate as possible.

Imagine what you want your flower to look like ultimately then have a light sketch of your imagination with a pencil. The best way to have a more realistic drawing is to imagine the basic shapes the object is made of.

Step 2: Enhance your sketch

You can use darker/heavier line to elaborate your sketch. This is a great way to bring out parts of the drawing you need. You can take out the lines you don’t need. You can add details to your drawing bit by bit but always make sure you look back to see if it has what you wanted. There are several techniques you can use to enhance your ability to express ideas through your art.

You can draw with shadings. Think of how the light hits an object and which parts of the body need more light or need to be darker. This is a simple way to add intensity, depth and luminosity to your drawing.

It is also important to practice with shadows if you wish to have a more realistic drawing. You can be good at shadows if you study and understand the way light normally reflects from objects and the shadow that its leaves.

Step 3: Add realism touches

Understand what makes a certain object look real in a drawing. Mastering this practice is key if you want to make your drawings appear more life-like. This involves familiarizing yourself with perspective-meaning things that are far look smaller and that ones that are nearer look bigger. Also understand the proportion of the image-how different parts of an object relate to each other.

With that in mind, you will be able to have a drawing that looks better than what you used to draw. You will not have a perfect drawing at first. It is important to understand that drawing is an art that gets better with practice.

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